The National Social Assistance Programme(NSAP) which came into effect from 15th August,1995 represents a significant step towards the fulfillment of the Directive Principles in Article 41 of the Constitution. The programme introduced a National Policy for Social Assistance for the poor and aims at ensuring minimum national standard for social assistance in addition to the benefits that states are currently providing or might provide in future. NSAP at present, comprises of Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS), Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme (IGNWPS), Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme (IGNDPS), National Family Benefit Scheme (NFBS) and Annapurna.
Some schemes have implemented by State Government and some by Central Government. Some schemes have implemented by both state and central Government combined.
Special Assistance Scheme by State Governement : Sanjay Gandhi Niradhar Anudan Yojna, Shravan Bal Seva Rajya Nivrutti Vetan Yojna